Monday, April 20, 2020

Rosary Prayers in Nihongo

Sign of Cross
Chichi to Ko to Seirei no mina ni yotte. A-men

Tenchi No Souzoushu, zennou no Chichi de aru Kami wo shinjimasu.

Chichi no hitorigo, watashitachi no Shu Iesu Kirisuto wo shinjimasu. Shu wa seirei ni yotte yadori, otome Maria kara umare, Pontio Pirato no moto de kurushimi wo uke, jyuujika ni tsukerarete shini, houmurare, yomi ni kudari, mikkameni shishano uchi kara fukkatsushi, Ten ni nobotte, zennou no Chichi de aru Kami no migi no zani tsuki, seisha to shisha wo sabaku tameni koraremasu.

Seirei wo shinji, sei naru fuhen no kyoukai, seito no majiwari, tsumi no yurushi, karada no fukkatsu, eien no inochi o shinjimasu.

Our Father
Ten ni orareru watashitachi no Chichiyo, mina ga sei to saremasu youni. Mikuni ga kimasu youni. Mikokoro ga ten ni okonawareru toori chi nimo okonawaremasu youni. Watashitachi no higoto no kate wo kyou mo oatae kudasai. Watashitachi no tsumi wo oyurushi kudasai. Watashitachi mo hito wo yurushimasu. Watashitachi wo yuuwaku ni ochiirasezu, aku kara osukui kudasai.

Hail Mary
Ave, Maria, megumi ni michita kata, Shu wa anata to tomo ni oraremasu. Anata wa onna no uchi de shukufuku sare, gotainai no onko Iesu mo shukufuku sarete imasu. Kami no haha Sei Maria, watashi-tachi tsumibito no tame ni, ima mo shi o mukaeru toki mo, oinori kudasai. A-men
アヴェ・マリアの祈り Hail Mary
Ave Maria, megumi ni michita kata,

Shu wa anata to tomo ni oraremasu.

Anata wa onna no uchide shukufuku sare,

Gotainai no onko Iesu mo shukufuku sareteimasu.

Kami no haha Sei Maria,

Watashitachi tsumibito no tame ni,

Imamo, shi wo mukaeru toki mo, oinorikudasai.


Glory be
Eikowa chichito koto seireini. Hajimenoyouni imamo itsumo yoyoni. A-men

Prayer of Fatima
Aa Iezusuyo.
Warerano tsumiwo yurusitamae.
Warerawo jigokunohiyori mamoritamae.
Mata subetenoreikon, kotoni shuno onawaremiwo mottomo
hitsuyoutosuru reikonnwo, tengokuni michibikitamae. A-men.

? Ave, Maria The Latin prayer begins with the greeting, Ave Maria. Among Japanese translations of the Bible, this is translated using phrases such as omedeto (“Congratulations”) or yorokobinasai (“Be joyful”). However, there have long been objections that, in many situations when the Rosary is prayed, such as at a deathbed or during a vigil ceremony, it would be awkward to pray “congratulations” or “be of good cheer.” The phrase Ave Maria is already well-established in people’s minds, even outside the realm of Christianity, through the names of songs and the like. Therefore, the CBCJ opted to retain the opening words of the Latin original in the Japanese, as they had for the provisional translation. ? megumi ni michita kata The previous official colloquial translation from 1993 used the Japanese phrase megumi afureru, (“brimming over with grace”), but has been revised in this translation to use the verb michiru, (“to be full”), as a more faithful translation of the Latin. During the provisional phase, some felt that this would not capture the fact that Mary was filled with grace by God, but this phrase was ratified as-is out of consideration for ease of recitation and with the confidence that the possibility of misunderstanding is small. ? Shu wa anata to tomo ni oraremasu Some wondered whether the verb orareru, which is an honorific form of an alternate version of the standard Japanese verb iru, “to be,” was grammatical. However, the legitimacy of the form was confirmed with Japanese linguistic specialists and preserved in the prayer’s final text. ? Anata wa onna no uchi de shukufuku sare Until now, the official Japanese Hail Mary contained the passage, Shu wa anata o erabi, shukufuku shi (“The Lord chose you and blessed you”). It has been observed that the Latin phrase in mulieribus (“among women”) was not reflected in this rendition. The older translation also shifted the grammatical subject from Mary in the Latin to the Lord God in the Japanese. Finally, in the phrase Shu wa anata o erabi (“The Lord chose you”), the verb erabu (to choose) represents and addition not present in the Latin original. Some objections were raised to the use of onna instead of josei, which both mean “woman” but of which the latter is considered most appropriate in modern rules of Japanese usage. Nevertheless, the CBCJ decided to leave the original, onna, in the final translation. ? go-tainai no on-ko Iesu mo shukufuku sarete imasu The 1993 translation rendered the Latin fructus ventris tui (“fruit of your womb”) as simply anata no ko (“your child”). To capture the Latin ventris (“womb”) explicitly in the new translation, go-tainai no on-ko (“the child within your womb”) was selected instead. Some felt that the word tainai (“inside of the womb”) seemed like too much like medical technical terminology, but no adequate substitute could be found. It is true that a literal translation of fructus (“fruit”) would be either mi or kajitsu, but because this would be utterly foreign as an element of a Japanese prayer, the CBCJ adopted on-ko (“child”) instead. ? watashi-tachi tsumi-bito no tame ni The provisional translation retained the 1993 phrase tsumi-bukai watashi-tachi no tame ni (“for us, deeply sinful”). After some reconsideration about the difference between tsumi-bukai (“deeply sinful”) and tsumi-bito (“sinners”), the CBCJ revised the text to watashi-tachi tsumi-bito no tame ni (“for us sinners”) to be closer to the Latin pro nobis peccatoribus

Wednesday, July 10, 2019

Strategies for JLPT N2

For the JLPT N2, the test time limits are:

  • Language Knowledge - Vocab / Grammar, and Reading: 105 minutes, 120 points
  • Listening: 50 minutes, 60 points

I just took the N2, and here are some tips:

1) Bring a watch, an analog one is preferable, since alarms /sounds are prohibited. 

2) The number one problem is running out of time for the Reading section. Therefore, I suggest keeping the vocab / grammar portion under 45 minutes, preferably under 40 minutes.

3) You have to FLY thru the Kanji and vocabs. If you don't know the meaning, you will never know it, so if unsure, don't leave any items blank, just guess and move on to the next. There will be no more time to go back and review your answers.

4) For the reading, keep it within 60-65 minutes.

5) For the reading, I suggest starting with the last 2 reading passages first. That's a total of 4 questions I believe. Why? Because I think those have higher points given (based on the scoring sample in the Moshi to Taisaku reviewer which is an excellent reviewer you can buy here or here in Japan), and these last questions are relatively easy, especially the information searching part.
Then, you can go back to the start / answer it from back to front which have lower points.  

4)  For the reading too, look at the questions first before reading the passages. That way, you can skim for the information, keep in mind. However, I still recommend reading the whole passage before answering any questions because sometimes, you will see some statements at the beginning of the passage refuted / reversed by the author by the end.

5) For the listening, there is no time to go back, once the CD stops, the test stops. Therefore, if you did not get the previous question, just guess and move on - be prepared to listen to the next question immediately. It can be distracting and cause a cascading effect of not understanding anything if you're still thinking about the previous question while listening to the current question.
Anyway, the minimum score to pass is 19/60, and the listening is fairly easy, especially the middle part where there are only 3 choices, giving you a 33% chance of guessing correctly.

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